Pari Island Expedition: Impact of Littering on Marine Ecosystem

English Post / Thursday, December 21st, 2017

What is Pari island Expedition?

It’s a trip arrange by SHINE to learn about Marine Ecosystem, Empathy, Global Warning, and Pollutions.

What is SHINE?

SHINE is abbreviations of Sustainable Hyper-platform Indonesian of Education Network. The Founder is Ms. Ines Setiawan, a teacher who cares to provide affordable and high quality education for all people.

Who lead the trip?

Pari Island Expedition lead by Kak Rahel and Pak  Yuri Romero. Pak Yuri is founder of MAN Forum. He said we can call him, abang, om, or oppa.

But kiddos say, don’t call him oppa ma. Why? I ask. They said, Korean use Oppa for calling a boyfriend. What??!! Too much Korean Movie!

Why we join this trip?

  1. We never go to Pari Island.
  2. Just right in time. Since I’m unemployed (most of SHINE project are in weekdays), hence I can accompanied kiddos to learn about marine ecosystem by real experience.
  3. Affordable price


How we get there?

Boat at Tanjung Pasir dock
one of this boat will take us to Pari Island

Meeting point at Tanjung Pasir dock. A Boat will take us to Pari Island in an hour trip.

December will not be a good suggestion to sail. Due to Indonesian rain sessions. Thanks to Global Warming that makes weather unpredictable.

That morning, wind breeze quite strong, with little drizzling. Praise God everything was smooth. Some got seasick due to billowy sea.

Beautiful sunset at Tanjung Pasir Beach

After almost two hour, we reach Pari Island. It takes much longer trip than we expected. Captain lead the boat very careful and slow, due to big wave, litter clogged the drainage system, and machine got very hot.

What we learn during Pari Island Expedition?

We learn about ecosystem and its function.

Teaching ecosystem at Pari island
Pak Yuri explaining Marine Ecosystem

What is ecosystem? An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system. These biotic and abiotic components are regarded as linked together through nutrient cycles and energy flows.

Specifically we learn about Marine Ecosystem.

Coral Reef, Mangrove are example of Marine Ecosystem.

Coral reefs provide food and shelter to the highest levels of marine diversity in the world.


A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water. Indonesia is the largest mangrove area in the world.

What is the function of Mangrove?

Mangrove forest
Canoeing between mangrove forest

Mangroves  are essential  to  maintain  coastal fisheries,   durable timber property, potential as tourism spot, protect coastlines from  the  effects  of  cyclones and  storms and  protect  coral reefs  from  sediments  and  pollutants.

1. Maintain  coastal fisheries

Mangroves serve as valuable nursery areas for fish and invertebrates, such as shrimp, crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes. It means, mangrove provide a rich source of food while also offering refuge for small fish from predation.

2. Durable timber property

Mangroove wood are use for construction material, like building houses, boats, pilings and furniture. It’s durable, resistant to rot and insects, making it extremely valuable.

3. Potential tourism

Mangrove Forrest is a potential place for tourism. Diversity of life inhabiting mangrove system, combining with coral reef and white sandy beaches will attract tourist to explore and enjoying beautiful marine scenery.

4. Protect Coastline and Coral Reef

Mangroves protect coastline from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. Mangroves help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. They maintain water quality and clarity, filtering pollutants and trapping sediments originating from land.

5. Trapping waste and litter

With the ability of their roots. The mangroves massive root systems not only good at dissipating wave energy, it’s also efficient for trapping trash and  waste (liquid, oil, metal, plastic) from human and factorise.

Impact of Littering on Marine Ecosystem

One Man Trash is another man…. TRASH!, said pak Yuri on MAN Forum FB page.

Plastic waste are everywhere

Yep, that’s what we saw during Pari Island Expedition. Plastic waste, metal waste, even slippers, are trapped in the mangrove roots.

Mangrove plants with its array of adaptations and physical features are somewhat sturdy plants. But garbage or waste (include liquid, oil, metal, plastic waste) in sufficient quantities, over a long period of time, will result in a chain reaction affecting the plants’ ability to take root, grow, reproduce and provide the all important benefits commonly associated with mangrove communities.

Plastic bags and tin cans can interfere with mangrove growth (e.g. by smothering pneumatophores and leaves) and may release pollutants which could affect the health of mangroves.

How that waste and litter get there?

In many parts of the world, waste and litter are released directly into the water. High tide will bring all the waste to nearest island, and mangrove root will trapped it. So when the water are subsides all the waste and litter stuck in there. It gave major aesthetic impact, affecting tourists who visit the mangroves.

Jakarta, one of the largest megacities worldwide, has becoming huge contribution for supplying waste, pollutions, into islands surround.

Can we help to keep the ocean clean?

Of course you can, thanks for asking. Here’s what we can do together.

1. Beach Clean Up

Beach clean up

Much of the plastic and debris found in the ocean has its beginnings in beach litter. As beach crowds increase, so does the amount of trash left behind. Don’t let your day at the beach contribute to the destruction of our oceans. Bring a trash bag with you for your garbage and volunteer for beach clean-ups.

This is waste and litter from beach clean up

This is what we do during our Pari Island Expedition, we help the locals to clean the beach. And you should, doing the same thing.

2. Reduce, reuse, recycle of disposable plastics.

Ninety percent of the plastic items in our daily lives are used once and then chucked: grocery bags, plastic wrap, disposable cutlery, straws, coffee-cup lids. Take note of how often you rely on these products and replace them with reusable versions. It only takes a few times of bringing your own bags to the store, silverware to the office, or travel mug to coffee shop before it becomes habit.

3. F&B must environmentally friendly

We are advised to bring home cooking. It is healthier to make your own food. But if we prefer to order, we should put it in our food or water containers. No plastics or styrofoam are allowed.

Thanks to SHINE, Rahel, and Pak Yuri, who makes Pari Island Expedition so much fun. Kiddos are happy and learning, so are the parents.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *